AUSTIN – There's an old joke in Texas about the legislature that goes something like this: The Texas Legislature meets for 140 days every two years; We'd probably be better off if they met two days every 140 years.
Like it or not, elected Representatives and Senators managed to pass 773 new laws that will take effect Friday, impacting everything from public education and transportation to health care and drag shows. Here a look:
The most high-profile laws passed this year address social issues popular among conservatives, including restrictions on medical care for transgender minors, limitations on trans athletes, bills targeting drag shows, and new regulations for social media companies according to Axios.
Drag shows: Senate Bill 12 will criminalize businesses that host sexually oriented performances in front of children.
Trans athletes: SB 15 prevents transgender college athletes at public colleges and universities from competing on a sports team that doesn't match their sex assigned at birth.
Diversity, equity and inclusion: SB 17 bans diversity, equity and inclusion offices and diversity-related training at public universities.
Progressive prosecutors: SB 20 will make it easier to remove district attorneys who refuse to pursue violations of certain state laws like abortion bans and low-level drug offenses.
Social media: House Bill 18 requires digital social media platforms to get consent from a parent or guardian before entering into an agreement with minors to create an account.
Medicaid for new mothers: HB 12 will extend postpartum Medicaid coverage from two months to one year.
Itemized hospital bills: SB 490 requires Texas hospitals and other health care providers to provide patients with an itemized bill — with a plain language explanation of every service provided — before any attempts to collect debt.
Mask and vaccine requirements: SB 29 prohibits local governments from requiring COVID-related masks, vaccines or business shutdowns. Private businesses and clubs aren't affected.
Puppy mills: SB 876 will regulate the number of dogs and cats breeders can have. Breeders with five or more females must register by January 2024.
Street takeovers: HB 1442 outlines a new section of penal code law aimed at reducing street takeovers. The law also adds reckless driving to an organized criminal activity statute, giving prosecutors and police additional options for charges.
Where you can walk: HB 1277 allows people to walk on roadways facing oncoming traffic when sidewalks are obstructed or unsafe.
EV fees: SB 505 will require Texans to pay $400 to register a new EV for two years and $200 for renewal to make up for the state's lost revenue from gasoline taxes.
Speed limit changes: HB 1885 allows TxDOT to temporarily change speed limits on roads or highways, depending on driving conditions, without approval from state transportation commissioners.
Toll road bills: HB 2170 requires toll agencies to mail an invoice to users with electronic tags when an automatic payment is rejected. The invoice must include a clear message outside the envelope indicating it contains an unpaid bill.
Health care for trans children: SB 14 bans gender-affirming care for minors, including medication or surgery. The law will make Texas the largest state to enforce a ban on transgender health care for minors. The Texas Supreme Court is weighing its fate.
State versus city control: The "death star" bill would dismantle local ordinances around the state, putting an end to safeguards like Dallas's 2015 ordinance requiring rest breaks on construction sites.
Banned books: HB 900, passed in April, aims to ban sexually explicit books from school libraries and require vendors to assign ratings to books based on depictions or references to sex.
If you made it this far: Read all the new laws taking effect Sept.1.